Sex Trafficking, Human Rights, and Social Justice

Tiantian Zheng

Routledge Research in Human Rights, Routledge, 2010


The recognition of women’s human rights to migrate and work as sex workers is disregarded and dismissed by anti-trafficking discourses of rescue in the latest United Nation’s definition of trafficking.

This volume explores the life experiences, agency, and human rights of trafficked women in order to shed light on the complicated processes in which anti-trafficking, human rights and social justice are intersected. In these articles, the authors critically analyze not only the conflation of trafficking with sex work in international and national discourses and its effects on migrant women, but also the global anti-trafficking policy and the root causes for the undocumented migration and employment. Featuring case studies on eleven countries including the US, Iran, Denmark, Paris, Hong Kong, and south east Asia and offering perspectives from transnational migrant population, the contributors rearticulate the trafficking discourses away from the state control of immigration and the global policing of borders, and reassert the social justice and the needs, agency, and human rights of migrant and working communities. 

This book will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, gender studies, human rights, migration, sociology and anthropology.


Table of Contents

Title……Page 4
Copyright……Page 5
Contents……Page 8
Acknowledgements……Page 10
Contributors……Page 12
Introduction……Page 16
1 The NGO-ification of the anti-trafficking movement in the United States: A case study of the coalition to abolish slavery and trafficking……Page 38
2 Beyond “tragedy”: A cultural critique of sex trafficking of young Iranian women……Page 52
3 From Thailand with love: Transnational marriage migration in the global care economy……Page 62
4 Beyond the victim: Capabilities and livelihood in Filipina experiences of domestic work in Paris and Hong Kong……Page 77
5 Anti-trafficking campaign and the sex industry in urban China……Page 99
6 Invisible agents, hollow bodies: Neoliberal notions of “sex trafficking” from Syracuse to Sarajevo……Page 117
7 Escaping statism: From the paradigm of trafficking to the migration trajectories of West African sex workers in Paris……Page 132
8 Representing sex trafficking in Southeast Asia?: The victim staged……Page 149
9 Legislating the trafficking and slavery of women and girls: The criminalization of marriage, tradition, and gender norms in French Colonial Cameroon, 1914–1945……Page 165
10 Countering the trafficking paradigm: The role of family obligations, remittance, and investment strategies among migrant sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico……Page 185
11 Between trafficking discourses and sexual agency: Brazilian female sex workers in Spain……Page 207
12 So if you are not “Nastasha,” who are you?: Revealing the other trafficked women and their uses?……Page 230
Index……Page 248

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