Why writing an abstract important?
- Sell your product. Submit to have your paper considered for presentation at a professional conference.
- Convince the reader to further read the content.
- Brief, but including as much work as the entire paper. It is a summary of your work. An abstract must be a concise snapshot of your work as a whole.
- Think of it as an independent document.
- Examine the calls for papers carefully.
- Title should be informative and focused.
- Meet the word count limitation (200, 300 or 500 word abstract). The shorter the more difficult it is, I think!
- Be careful not to use too much jargon.
- Think of at least 5 search phrases and keywords: What for?
– Allow to assign papers to review committees or editors, so it is extremely important to your work.
– to facilitate keyword searches (Make sure those exact phrases appear in your abstract).
- Avoid vague results such as “very”, “small”, or “significant.”
- Any major restrictions or limitations on the results should be stated
- Recommendations should be given
Checklist: Parts of an Abstract
Following are samples of parts of an abstract. Each of the section is typically a single sentence.
ABSTRACT (first level heading 11 point, Bold, CapitAlised)
Aim of The Study – (Second Level Heading in Italic, 11 point, bold)
The paper aims to …
The following research questions framed this study: 1.xxxxx; 2. yyyyy
Respondents were purposefully recruited from ….
Results of the analysis shows that…Findings are useful for …
Keywords: (Minimum 5 Keywords)
Why do we care about the problem and the results?
This section should include the importance of your work, the difficulty of the area, and the impact it might have if successful.
- Problem statement:
What problem are you trying to solve? What is the scope of your work (a generalized approach, or for a specific situation)?
How did you go about solving or making progress on the problem?
What’s the answer?
What are the implications of your answer?